How to Write an Informative Essay

The process of writing an informative essay can be a daunting task especially for first-time writers. In spite of this, making the necessary preparation can relieve you from the stress that comes with writing an informative essay without prior preparation. Often, an informative essay aims at educating a target audience regarding a given subject. For this reason, for you to write an informative essay, you need to have full understanding of the subject that you plan to address, be able to convey the intended message clearly, as well as be able to organize your ideas well.

The process of writing an informative essay can be overwhelming in the first instance. However, in case of such a situation, it is advisable that you approach the whole process stepwise. Most of the writers who work methodologically have a high probability of producing successful paper. This article provides a step by step guide on how to successfully write an informative essay.

Writing an Informative Essay: Getting Started

Writing an informative essay requires you to understand what qualifies and essay to be informative. It is highly likely that you have written a couple of informative essays before though you might not have taken the time to think what type of essay you were writing. Any essay that works towards educating a given audience about a particular subject can be referred to an informative essay.

While your aim when writing such an essay is to educate, an informative essay differs from other types of essays in that its sole goal is to add new information to readers about a particular subject. Often, informative essays provide a comparison of contrasting viewpoints regarding a particular subject.

Steps to Take before the Actual Informative Essay Writing Process

Prior preparation is very important when it comes to crafting a successful informative essay. For this reason, before you start the process of writing your essay, you need to make the following steps for a chance to ensure that you set off at the right footing. These steps will ensure that you have a clear plan to guide you throughout the entire writing process in terms of organizing your information and speeding up the writing process.

how to write an informative essay

Brainstorm for Ideas

In most of the cases, you will find that your instructor will allow you some freedom especially when it comes to the subject of your essay. Therefore, in such cases, you can start off by looking for the appropriate ideas to develop your essay. As such, evaluate the importance of your essay while brainstorming for ideas as this approach will help you to come up with the right ideas and subject.

It is tempting to choose a topic that one is conversant with, but in some cases, writing a topic that you are well-rounded in can appear to be boring and swift. It is often recommendable that you choose a topic in which you have limited knowledge about, since such an approach ensures that you increase your general knowledge while at the same time, challenging you in terms of your capacity to analyze new information.

The advantage of taking some time to brainstorm for ideas is that you get to know the information that is available about the field of study that you are planning to write about. Such information can be highly instrumental in the development of a comprehensive essay outline that would help you establish the boundaries of your essay and hence, be able to write the essay within a short time. The rationale behind this is that once you brainstorm for ideas, you are able to effectively organize your thoughts and ideas.

Choosing an Appropriate Topic

While brainstorming gives you an idea of what you can write about concerning a given subject, you need to come up with the write topic in the field that you select. After you have identified your subject of focus, you need to narrow down your thoughts and ideas for you to come up with the right topic. It is important to ensure that you do not start with a too narrow or too broad topic. Having a subject that is in between being narrow and broad will help you craft a successful informative essay. Such an approach will ensure that you do not worry about the fact that your essay might require more information, or even that have limited yourself in terms of paper content.

Here are a few tips to help you down in the process of choosing the right topic your essay:

  1. Take time to brainstorm
  2. Make a list of all the ideas, thoughts, and opinions that you have regarding the appropriate topic for your essay.
  3. Do away with ideas in your list that appear too broad or too narrow
  4. Engage in a preliminary research to determine whether or not there is enough information about your preferred idea.
  5. The topic that you choose should have plenty of accessible information.

Carry Out a Thorough Research

Now that you have settled on the topic of your interest, it is time to look for ideas to support your claims and arguments. A quality and informative essay should have claims that are backed up by valid information from reliable and valuable sources. For this reason, you need to gather information about your chosen topic to help you address it comprehensively.

There are a number of sources that you can use when carrying out the research about your topic. You can decide to use either the primary sources of information or secondary sources. In the case, you have chosen to use the secondary sources of information, look for books, journals, and websites that has information about your subject.

You need to identify several sources for the purpose of making comparison of the information in each source. This approach ensures that your essay has rich information since you support it with opinions and ideas from various sources. In addition, this approach is recommendable in that, in the end you ensure that you develop a well-rounded informative essay. However, in most of the cases, learners tend to use sources that are not credible such as Wikipedia.

Develop an Outline for Your Essay

After you have established the essay’s topic and identified the materials and sources to use, make an outline of the essay, which is considered to be the roadmap in which your essay will be based. Divide your outline into three sections; the introduction, body and conclusion. This is the standard essay style.

Ensure that you provide a rough overview of the subject you are addressing in the introduction, followed by a hook, and a thesis statement. This section is used to provide the reader with background information about your essay in terms of the aspects that you will cover. Have a strong thesis and a hook such that you capture the attention of your readers for a chance to entice them to read the entire essay.

Develop the body of your essay using the 3 body paragraphs approach. Identify the issue that you intend to come in all the paragraphs. The implication here is that a single idea should be covered in a single paragraph. Identify the topic sentence for each paragraph, as well as supporting ideas. Having these aspects in your outline will ease and simplify your writing process.

The next section is the conclusion part. Start your conclusion by restating your thesis statement. Next, identify and list the main points that you will cover in the body of the essay. Lastly, provide a platform for a call-to-action.

Here is a sample outline that you can use:
A. Hook
B. Thesis statement
3 Body paragraph:
A. Paragraph one; first idea/point
B. Paragraph two; second idea/point
C. Paragraph three; third idea/point
A. Thesis restatement
B. Summary of main points
C. Call to action

Make a list of all the sources that you have consulted during the process of writing your informative essay.

Start Writing the Essay

After you are sure that you have made all the necessary preparation such as brainstorming, choosing the right topic, carrying out research, and developing an outline, you should sit down and starting the actual essay writing process. You should give a lot of consideration to the elements you have included in your outline and the notes that you prepared while carrying out your research.

Start with the introduction paragraph and state your thesis. A good way to have catchy introduction is to use quotes, questions, anecdotes, or even the end of a given story. The main aim here is to grab the attention of your readers. Organize your essay professionally in terms of paragraphs. Ensure that your sentences are short and precise to avoid making errors.

Cite any information that you borrow from other sources using the appropriate citation style, and ensure that you list all the sources used in the bibliography section. After you have completed your essay, take a few minutes to review and edit it. Make sure that there are no grammar or sentence structure errors.

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